Former tramway station in Elm Elm is first mentioned in 1344 as Elme. The baths at Wichlen were in use since the and are first mentioned in 1547.
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They were very popular until they were buried by an avalanche in 1762. Many characteristic wooden structures have survived. [ ] In 1799, General and his troops stayed the night in Elm before crossing to on their retreat into. By 1861, was taking place. On September 11, 1881, an avalanche caused by excessive quarrying of slate killed 114 and buried 83 structures in the municipality. In 1892, the owner of a spring in Elm that had long been hailed as beneficial was found to be rich in.
The owner opened a bath house and sold the water bottled in, but the bath house was destroyed in an avalanche in 1907. In 1898, a new Kurhaus was opened, which flourished until. Today, it is used as a retirement centre.
In 1929, the company was founded to bottle the spring water, and this continues to this day. In 1879, the valley of the was connected to the Swiss railway network by the opening of the line from Weesen, but Elm, in the side-valley of the Sernf river, remained unserved. This impacted the local economy, and various proposals were brought forward to provide rail service to the Sernf valley. Eventually, on 8 July 1905, the, a roadside, was opened connecting with Elm and other intermediate communities. Service on this line continued until 31 May 1969, when it was replaced by road services. On 1 January 2011, Matt became part of the new municipality of. Geography [ ].
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Sernftal valley The village of Elm is situated at an elevation of 977 m (3,205 ft) on the left bank of the. It is the farthest village upstream in the valley of the Sernf, with the village of downstream and to the north. Elm lies on the road from, although the road continues higher up the valley to various isolated settlements. Elm lies at the entrance to, which crosses the into the. The village is also the starting point of the trail across to the in the, and of the trail across the, to the, in the adjoining valley of the. Both these trails forms part of the, a hiking trail which passes through Elm on its journey from to. Elm has an area, as defined by the former municipal boundaries in 2006, of 90.7 km 2 (35.0 sq mi), covering a considerable area on each side of the river to head of the valley.
Of this area, 34.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 18.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (46.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). Elm is well known for its phenomenon about the sun shining through the 'Martin Hole' in the mountain (Tschingelhoren). Several times during Spring, 12 and 13 March and 30 September and 1 October in Fall, the sun shines for about one minute onto the area around the church attracting many observers. It is like a giant floodlight. [ ] Demographics [ ] Elm has a population (as of 31 December 2017) of 626.
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As of 2007, 4.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -16.9% [ ].
Most of the population (as of 2000 ) speaks German (96.5%), with Portuguese being second most common ( 1.4%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 0.8%). In the 2007 the most popular party was the which received 53.8% of the vote. Most of the rest of the votes went to the with 38.5% of the vote. In Elm about 57.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory or additional higher education (either University or a ). The population of Elm has held steady since the 18th century, reaching a peak in the middle of the 19th century, as shown in the following table: [ ] Year Population 1730 516 1789 765 1850 1051 1900 913 1950 867 1990 791 Religion [ ]. Church of Elm Elm originally belonged to the parish of, but in 1273, a new parish was formed in.