Viktor Yanukovych: Viktor Yanukovych, Ukrainian politician who served as prime minister (2002–05, 2006–07) and president (2010–14) of Ukraine. His time in office was characterized by the imprisonment of political opponents and close ties to Moscow. After scores were killed in protests against his government, he fled to Russia.
Alternative Title: Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych Viktor Yanukovych, in full Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych, (born July 9, 1950, Yenakiyeve, Ukraine, U.S.S.R. [now in Ukraine]), Ukrainian politician who served as (2002–05, 2006–07) and (2010–14) of. Yanukovych was born to a poor family in the industrial, and his brushes with the law in his late teens and early twenties resulted in a pair of jail terms.
Starting in 1969, he worked in heavy industry in and around his hometown of, rising from mechanic to executive over a 20-year career. During that time he attended Donetsk Polytechnic Institute (now Donetsk State Technical University), earning a degree in (1980); he also joined the Communist Party.
Following Ukraine’s independence from the, Yanukovych became involved in local government. The 1990s were a period of uncertainty in the region: was rampant, and government ministers and prominent businessmen were frequently the targets of assassination attempts.
In this climate Yanukovych, who affected an imposing demeanour based partly on his physical stature (he stood almost 6 feet 6 inches [2 metres] tall), emerged as a favoured candidate of the business, and in 1997 he became governor of Donetsk province. During his time in that post, he earned a law degree from the Ukrainian Academy of Foreign Trade (2000). In 2002 Ukrainian Pres. Appointed Yanukovych prime minister. Yanukovych, who did not speak Ukrainian prior to his appointment, shared Kuchma’s desire to maintain close ties with Russia. As the 2004 presidential election approached, Yanukovych was presented as Kuchma’s clear successor, and Russian Pres.
Offered support for his candidacy. During the campaign Yanukovych’s chief opponent, the pro-Western, became ill after an apparent assassination attempt, and the race drew international attention. The results of the first round of the election were inconclusive. In the November runoff Yanukovych was declared the winner, in spite of exit polling that showed Yushchenko with a commanding lead. Yushchenko’s supporters took to the streets by the tens of thousands in a series of protests that were dubbed the, and the runoff results were overturned by the Ukrainian Supreme Court.
In a new runoff held on December 26, 2004, Yanukovych was soundly defeated. As a fuel crisis and parliamentary gridlock plagued Yushchenko’s administration, Yanukovych began to rebuild his power base.
In 2006 Yanukovych’s scored a victory in parliamentary elections, and Yushchenko was compelled to name Yanukovych prime minister. However, Yanukovych lost that post in 2007 to, a major figure in the Orange Revolution and, like Yanukovych, a challenger to Yushchenko in the presidential election of 2010.
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